He returns to the Cuban Consulate where he is again rebuffed. As Oswald leaves the consulate and the embassy, he is being watched by CIA operatives.
From a house across the road from the Cuban Consulate, the CIA maintained a continuous photographic surveillance. The absence of photos of Oswald has fueled suspicion. Had that been established, it would indicate a sophisticated effort to frame Oswald, which would immediately draw attention to American intelligence.
Oswald, therefore, was in Mexico City. Oswald stays in Mexico City four days, but in the end both the Russians and the Cubans reject him. His plans to fight for Castro and return to Russia had come to nothing. Oswald departs on bus from Mexico City and arrives in Dallas the next day. He takes a room at the YMCA. He has no job and no means to support his family. Marina is expecting their second child. A neighbor of Mrs. The next day Oswald applies and is hired as a warehouse clerk to fill orders for textbooks.
Oswald attends a right-wing rally where the speaker is Ret. General Edwin Walker, the same man he tried to assassinate a few months earlier. On weekends around this time, he visits Marina at the Paines. Lee wanted to be an active guerrilla in the effort to bring about a new world order. We discovered we were both interested in the activities of right-wing groups in Dallas, which were common rumors of that time. And I think he described his activities as spying on them and thought of himself as doing that.
In that conversation, the name of General Walker was raised… he believed violence was the only effective tool. Oswald is staying at a rooming house in the Oak Cliff section of Dallas.
Apparently worried about the FBI, he registers under a new alias, O. At the end of his working day, he rides the bus to the rooming house and spends weekends with his family. There is no hard evidence that he was meeting with any possible co-conspirators, including his mysterious right-wing associates from New Orleans.
But two uncorroborated reports do hint at a continued connection to Cuban exiles. One witness thought she saw Oswald at an anti-Castro gathering shortly before the assassination. Another claims Oswald was in touch with an anti-Castro activist named Pedro Gonzalez.
Gonzalez strongly denies the allegation. The Gonzalez story was uncovered by Earl Golz, then a Dallas reporter. Gonzalez to call.
It was the one day no one seemed to know where Oswald was, neither his wife, Marina, who tried to reach him at his rooming house in Dallas, nor anyone at the rooming house. After work this day, Oswald asks a co-worker to give him a lift to Irving.
He arrives at the Paine home without calling first. He asks Marina to come join him in Dallas. He retires to bed early. Marina is still sleeping. He tells the neighbor giving him a ride to work that the package contains curtain rods for his room in Oak Cliff. Oswald shouts for them to send the elevator back up. On the sixth floor of the depository, someone has screened off a corner window with boxes. Two witnesses spot a man with a rifle at the sixth-floor window.
They assume he is there to protect the president. Oswald later claims that at this time he was eating lunch with two fellow workers and had then gone to buy a Coke, but his co-workers denied having lunch with him. In the background, a little girl runs beside the limousine. Governor Connolly hears it and turns. The little girl stops and looks around.
Three seconds later, a second shot. It hits Connally in the back and he starts falling. Kennedy turns to her husband. She looks into his face.
Then the fatal head shot. Four U. Within three minutes of the shooting, Oswald walks out the front door of the Texas School Book Depository. He boards a bus, but jumps out and hails a taxi when the bus gets stuck in traffic. He asks the taxi to drop him a couple of blocks away from his rooming house in Oak Cliff. Tippit is gunned down, killed instantly next to his car, while patrolling in Oak Cliff. Ballistics tests on bored-out guns can never be completely conclusive. Someone sees him and calls the police.
Police enter the theatre. Oswald draws his revolver. After a struggle, he is apprehended. Police have discovered that he was the only employee missing from the School Book Depository.
Johnson orders the district attorney to drop any reference to a communist conspiracy. This is a year after the Cuban missile crisis, when the world had come to the brink of nuclear war. Midnight: Oswald is paraded in front of the press. At the back of the room is one man who is not a policeman or a reporter, a man who carries a gun and has underworld connections.
His name is Jacob Rubenstein, known as Jack Ruby. Aggressive Bittersweet Druggy. Energetic Happy Hypnotic. Romantic Sad Sentimental. Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Features Interviews Lists. Still later, eleven days before the assassination of President Kennedy, Oswald wrote to the Soviet embassy in Washington, D. While the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald had visited Mexico City and the Cuban and Soviet consulates, questions regarding whether someone posing as Oswald had appeared at the embassies were serious enough to be investigated by the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
Later, the Committee agreed with the Warren Commission that Oswald had visited Mexico City and concluded that "the majority of evidence tends to indicate" that Oswald in fact visited the consulates, but the Committee could not rule out the possibility that someone else had used his name in visiting the consulates. According to a CIA document released in , it is possible Oswald was trying to get the necessary documents from the embassies to make a quick escape to the Soviet Union after the assassination.
Ruth Paine said that her neighbor told her, on October 14, that there was a job opening at the Texas School Book Depository , where her neighbor's brother, Wesley Frazier, worked. Truly — , said that Oswald "did a good day's work" and was an above-average employee. Lee",  but he spent his weekends with Marina at the Paine home in Irving.
Oswald did not drive a car, but he commuted to and from Dallas on Mondays and Fridays with his co-worker Wesley Frazier. On October 20 a month before the assassination , the Oswalds' second daughter, Audrey, was born. When he was told that Hosty was unavailable, Oswald left a note that, according to the receptionist, read: "Let this be a warning. The note allegedly contained some sort of threat, but accounts vary as to whether Oswald threatened to "blow up the FBI" or merely "report this to higher authorities".
According to Hosty, the note said, "If you have anything you want to learn about me, come talk to me directly. If you don't cease bothering my wife, I will take the appropriate action and report this to the proper authorities. In the days before Kennedy's arrival, several local newspapers published the route of the presidential motorcade, which passed the Texas School Book Depository.
The next morning the day of the assassination , he returned to Dallas with Frazier. Frazier reported that Oswald told him the bag contained curtain rods. One shot apparently missed the presidential limousine entirely, another struck both Kennedy and Connally, and a third bullet struck Kennedy in the head,  killing him. Bystander James Tague received a minor facial injury from a small piece of curbstone that had fragmented after it was struck by one of the bullets. Witness Howard Brennan was sitting across the street from the Texas School Book Depository and watching the motorcade go by.
He notified police that he heard a shot come from above and looked up to see a man with a rifle fire another shot from the southeast corner window on the sixth floor. He said he had seen the same man minutes earlier looking through the window. According to the investigations, Oswald hid and covered the rifle with boxes after the shooting and descended through the rear stairwell. About 90 seconds after the shots rang out, Oswald was encountered in the second-floor lunchroom by Dallas police officer Marrion L.
Baker, who had his gun drawn. The patrolman was accompanied by Oswald's supervisor, Roy Truly. Baker made the mistake of letting Oswald pass after Truly identified him as an employee; Baker and Truly incorrectly assumed that Oswald was not a suspect because he was an employee of the building.
According to Baker, Oswald did not appear to be "nervous" or "out of breath". Robert Reid, a clerical supervisor at the depository who returned to her office within two minutes after the shooting, said that she saw Oswald "was very calm" on the second floor with a can of Coca-Cola in his hands.
Reid said to Oswald, "The President has been shot" to which he mumbled something in response, but Reid did not understand him. Truly later pointed out to officers that Oswald was the only employee that he was certain was missing. Probably due to heavy traffic, he requested a transfer from the driver and got off two blocks later. According to his housekeeper Earlene Roberts, Oswald immediately went to his room, "walking pretty fast.
As Oswald left, Roberts looked out of the window of her house and last saw him standing at the northbound Beckley Avenue bus stop in front of her house. Tippit drove up in his patrol car alongside Oswald, presumably because Oswald resembled the police broadcast description of the man seen by witness Howard Brennan who fired shots at the presidential motorcade. Oswald immediately fired his pistol and killed the policeman with four shots.
However, the bullets taken from Tippit's body could not be positively identified as having been fired from Oswald's revolver as the bullets were too extensively damaged to make conclusive assessments. Shoe store manager Johnny Brewer testified that he saw Oswald "ducking into" the entrance alcove of his store. Suspicious of this activity, Brewer watched Oswald continue up the street and slip without paying into the nearby Texas Theatre , where the movie Cry of Battle was playing.
As police arrived, the house lights were brought up and Brewer pointed out Oswald sitting near the rear of the theater. Police Officer Nick McDonald testified that he was the first to reach Oswald and that Oswald seemed ready to surrender saying, "Well, it is all over now. McDonald stated that the pistol did not fire because the pistol's hammer came down on the webbing between the thumb and index finger of his hand as he grabbed for the pistol.
McDonald also said that Oswald struck him, but that he struck back and Oswald was disarmed. At about 2 p. When Captain J. Fritz heard Oswald's name, he recognized it as that of the book depository employee who was reported missing and was already a suspect in the assassination. Soon after his arrest, Oswald encountered reporters in a hallway.
Oswald declared, "I didn't shoot anybody" and, "They've taken me in because of the fact that I lived in the Soviet Union. I'm just a patsy! In fact, nobody has said that to me yet. The first thing I heard about it was when the newspaper reporters in the hall asked me that question. Oswald was interrogated several times during his two days at Dallas Police Headquarters.
He admitted that he went to his rooming house after leaving the book depository. He also admitted that he changed his clothes and armed himself with a. He denied telling his co-worker he wanted a ride to Irving to get curtain rods for his apartment he said that the package contained his lunch. He also denied carrying a long, bulky package to work the morning of the assassination. Oswald denied knowing an "A. Oswald was then shown a forged Selective Service System card bearing his photograph and the alias, "Alek James Hidell" that he had in his possession at the time of his arrest.
Oswald refused to answer any questions concerning the card, saying "you have the card yourself and you know as much about it as I do. When Oswald was asked to account for himself at the time of the assassination, he replied that he was eating his lunch in the first-floor lounge known as the "domino room".
He said that he then went to the second-floor lunchroom to buy a Coca-Cola from the soda machine there and was drinking it when he encountered Dallas motorcycle policeman Marrion L.
Baker, who had entered the building with his gun drawn. When asked if anyone else was in the domino room, Norman testified that somebody else was there, but he could not remember who it was.
Jarman testified that Oswald was not in the domino room when he was there. Holmes who attended the interrogation at the invitation of Captain Will Fritz said that Oswald replied that he was working on an upper floor when the shooting occurred, then went downstairs where he encountered Dallas motorcycle policeman Marrion L. Oswald asked for legal representation several times while being interrogated, and he also asked for assistance during encounters with reporters.
When H. During an interrogation with Captain Fritz, when asked, "Are you a communist? I am a Marxist. On Sunday, November 24, detectives were escorting Oswald through the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters toward an armored car that was to take him from the city jail located on the fourth floor of police headquarters to the nearby county jail.
CST, Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby approached Oswald from the side of the crowd and shot him once in the abdomen at close range. An unconscious Oswald was taken by ambulance to Parkland Memorial Hospital — the same hospital where Kennedy was pronounced dead two days earlier. A network television pool camera was broadcasting live to cover the transfer; millions of people watching on NBC witnessed the shooting as it happened and on other networks within minutes afterward.
Ruby later said he had been distraught over Kennedy's death and that his motive for killing Oswald was "saving Mrs. Kennedy the discomfiture of coming back to trial". Robert Blakey , chief counsel for the House Select Committee on Assassinations from to , said: "The most plausible explanation for the murder of Oswald by Jack Ruby was that Ruby had stalked him on behalf of organized crime, trying to reach him on at least three occasions in the forty-eight hours before he silenced him forever.
His mother's body was buried beside his in A claim that a look-alike Russian agent was buried in place of Oswald led to the body's exhumation on October 4, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued an executive order that created the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination. The commission concluded that Oswald acted alone in assassinating Kennedy, and the Warren Report could not ascribe any one motive or group of motives to Oswald's actions:.
It is apparent, however, that Oswald was moved by an overriding hostility to his environment. He does not appear to have been able to establish meaningful relationships with other people. He was perpetually discontented with the world around him. Long before the assassination he expressed his hatred for American society and acted in protest against it.
Oswald's search for what he conceived to be the perfect society was doomed from the start. He sought for himself a place in history — a role as the "great man" who would be recognized as having been in advance of his times. His commitment to Marxism and communism appears to have been another important factor in his motivation.
He also had demonstrated a capacity to act decisively and without regard to the consequences when such action would further his aims of the moment. Out of these and the many other factors which may have molded the character of Lee Harvey Oswald there emerged a man capable of assassinating President Kennedy.
The proceedings of the commission were closed, though not secret. In , the Ramsey Clark Panel examined various photographs, X-ray films, documents, and other evidence. It concluded that Kennedy was struck by two bullets fired from above and behind him: one of which traversed the base of the neck on the right side without striking bone, and the other of which entered the skull from behind and destroyed its right side.
In , after a review of the evidence and of prior investigations, the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations HSCA largely concurred with the Warren Commission and was preparing to issue a finding that Oswald had acted alone in killing Kennedy. After an analysis by the firm Bolt, Beranek and Newman appeared to indicate more than three gunshots, the HSCA revised its findings to assert a "high probability that two gunmen fired" at Kennedy and that Kennedy "was probably assassinated as the result of a conspiracy.
The acoustical evidence has since been discredited. McLain, from whose motorcycle radio the HSCA acoustic experts said the Dictabelt evidence came,   has repeatedly stated that he was not yet in Dealey Plaza at the time of the assassination.
In , a panel of twelve scientists appointed by the National Academy of Sciences , including Nobel laureates Norman Ramsey and Luis Alvarez , unanimously concluded that the acoustic evidence submitted to the HSCA was "seriously flawed", was recorded after the shots, and did not indicate additional gunshots.
Thomas wrote that the NAS investigation was itself flawed. He concluded with a Ralph Linsker and several members of the original NAS team reanalyzed the timings of the recordings and reaffirmed the earlier conclusion of the NAS report that the alleged shot sounds were recorded approximately one minute after the assassination.
CE A shows the rifle in Oswald's left hand and newspapers in front of his chest in the other, while the rifle is held with the right hand in CE B. The Carcano in the images had markings matching those on the rifle found in the Book Depository after the assassination. Oswald's mother testified that on the day after the assassination she and Marina destroyed another photograph with Oswald holding the rifle with both hands over his head, with "To my daughter June" written on it.
The words "Hunter of fascists — ha ha ha! Schiem also noted several people who knew Ruby, who claimed that the patriotic statements Ruby professed were quite out of character. Harry Hall, Ruby's partner in a gambling operation, told the FBI that "Ruby was the type who was interested in any way to make money" and also said that he "could not conceive of Ruby doing anything out of patriotism". He felt Ruby would have done it for money. Ruby's lawyers argued that he could not have received a fair trial in Dallas because of the excessive publicity surrounding the case.
A year after his conviction, in March , Ruby conducted a brief televised news conference in which he stated: "Everything pertaining to what's happening has never come to the surface. The world will never know the true facts of what occurred, my motives. The people who had so much to gain, and had such an ulterior motive for putting me in the position I'm in, will never let the true facts come above board to the world.
That's what he told me, Ruby did. I said you don't believe that bullshit. He said, 'I damn sure do! And that was the last letter I ever got from him. He added: "I am doomed. I do not want to die. But I am not insane. I was framed to kill Oswald. Scheim cited in particular a fold increase in the number of out-of-state telephone calls from Jack Ruby to associates of these crime bosses in the months before the assassination.
In the light of the identity of some of the individuals with whom Ruby spoke, however, the possibility of other matters being discussed could not be dismissed. In , fifteen years after the Warren report, the House Select Committee on Assassinations undertook a similar investigation of Ruby and said that he "had a significant number of associations and direct and indirect contacts with underworld figures" and "the Dallas criminal element" but that he was not a "member" of organized crime.
Ruby was known to have been acquainted with both the police and the Mafia. While Campisi's technical characterization in federal law enforcement records as an organized crime member has ranged from definite to suspected to negative, it is clear that he was an associate or friend of many Dallas-based organized crime members, particularly Joseph Civello , during the time he was the head of the Dallas organization.
There was no indication that Campisi had engaged in any specific organized crime-related activities. Similarly, a PBS Frontline investigation into the connections between Ruby and Dallas organized crime figures reported the following:.
In , Sam and Joe Campisi were leading figures in the Dallas underworld. Jack knew the Campisis and had been seen with them on many occasions. The Campisis were lieutenants of Carlos Marcello , the Mafia boss who had reportedly talked of killing the President. A day before Kennedy was assassinated, Ruby went to Joe Campisi's restaurant.
Howard P. Willens—the third-highest official in the Department of Justice  and assistant counsel to J. Lee Rankin —helped organize the Warren Commission. Willens also outlined the Commission's investigative priorities  and terminated an investigation of Ruby's Cuban related activities.
Ruby considered McWillie, who had previously run illegal gambling establishments in Texas, to be one of his closest friends. Ruby met with [Mafia boss] Santo Trafficante in Cuba sometime in James E.
Beaird said that Ruby "was in it for the money. It wouldn't matter which side, just [whichever] one that would pay him the most. He claimed that "each time that the boat left with guns and ammunition, Jack Ruby was on the boat. Articles of clothing that Ruby wore when he killed Oswald—including his suit, hat and shoes—are on display at the Historic Auto Attractions museum in Roscoe, Illinois. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Jamaican record producer, see Jack Ruby record producer.
American nightclub operator who killed American presidential assassin Lee Harvey Oswald. Chicago , Illinois, U. Dallas , Texas, U. Main article: Assassination of John F.
See also: Ruby v. Main article: John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Kennedy , The New York Times. June 1, Retrieved September 19, September 28, December 14, Blair Jr. The Saturday Evening Post 44 : Retrieved December 3, Not in Your Lifetime. Washington, D.Lee Harvey Oswald was an American Marxist and former U.S. Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, Oswald was honorably released from active duty in the Marine Corps into the reserve and defected to the Soviet Union in October He lived in Minsk until June , when he returned to the United States with his Russian wife, Marina, and eventually Born: October 18, , New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.